How to Calculate Pip Value of Cross-Currencies in Forex

In the dynamic world of forex trading, understanding pip value is crucial for traders to accurately assess their potential profits or losses. Pip value, also known as pip worth, represents the change in value of a currency pair for a one-pip movement in the exchange rate. While the calculation of pip value for major currency pairs like EUR/USD is straightforward, determining the pip value for cross-currency pairs involving less traded currencies requires a slightly different approach.

Understanding Pip Value

A pip, which stands for "point in percentage," represents the smallest increment of price movement in a currency pair. For most currency pairs, a pip is equal to the fourth decimal place. For instance, a movement from 1.2345 to 1.2346 represents a one-pip increase.

Pip value, on the other hand, translates this pip movement into a specific monetary value. It is calculated by multiplying the pip value by the trade size, which is the number of base units being traded.

Calculating Pip Value for Cross-Currency Pairs

For major currency pairs, pip value calculation is relatively simple. For example, if you are trading a EUR/USD standard lot (100,000 units), and the pip value is 0.0001, then a one-pip movement would be equivalent to $10 (0.0001 x 100,000).

However, for cross-currency pairs involving less traded currencies, the pip value calculation requires an additional step. This is because the pip value for these pairs is not directly quoted in the base currency.

Step 1: Convert Trade Size to Base Currency

To calculate the pip value for cross-currency pairs, first convert the trade size to the base currency. For instance, if you are trading a EUR/JPY standard lot (100,000 units) with an EUR/USD exchange rate of 1.2345, you would need to convert the JPY trade size to EUR:

JPY trade size / EUR/JPY exchange rate = EUR trade size

In this case, 100,000 JPY / 1.2345 = 80,952 EUR

Step 2: Calculate Pip Value in Base Currency

Once you have the trade size in the base currency, you can calculate the pip value using the standard formula:

Pip value = Pip size x Trade size in base currency

Assuming a pip value of 0.0001 for EUR/JPY, the pip value would be:

0.0001 x 80,952 EUR = 8.0952 EUR

Conclusion

Understanding pip value is essential for forex traders to accurately assess their potential profits or losses. While the calculation for major currency pairs is straightforward, cross-currency pairs require an additional step to convert the trade size to the base currency. By following these steps, traders can effectively determine the pip value for any currency pair and make informed trading decisions.